Hong Kong Environmental Profile  

Project Title: Hong Kong Environmental Profile

Applicant: World Wide Fund for Nature Hong Kong

Total Approved Grant: $2,308,768 (ECF&WWGF:50/50)

Duration: 01/12/95 to 30/11/98

Project Status/Remarks: Completed

Scope: To provide an up-to-date record and snapshot of the state of the Hong Kong's environment as well as an overview of influencing factors, for use by decision makers and an educational resource.

Summary of the Findings/Outcomes: The Profile concluded that the crucial constraints that Hong Kong faces were the availability of land and a rapidly growing population. Land was required for several uses : economic development, waste disposal, recreation and education.

Despite a declining natural growth in population, Hong Kong's population would continue to grow due to immigration from China. The Census and Statistics Department had projected an annual growth rate of 1.3% for the next twenty years, which would double Hong Kong's population by the year 2050.

Hong Kong was almost wholly reliant on imported basic commodities to feed its population with less than 10% of food consumed being locally produced. Hong Kong had consistently consumed 0.2% of the world's fish catch but had 0.1% of the world's population.

This heavy reliance on imports had made possible through economic prosperity. Investors might leave or avoid Hong Kong due to the worsening environment, growing congestion, and a severe lack of 'green space' for recreation.

Environmental awareness had increased, but the degree of public commitment and support was still low. Current indicators relating to Hong Kong's society suggested that it was an unsustainable society.

Whether Hong Kong could head towards sustainability, depends on public attitudes and support as well as Government commitment to make Hong Kong sustainable, the most urgent issue being how to manage the impacts of population growth.